Norway Rats, often called street rats or sewer rats, are not solitary animals. They are social and live in colonies that have a hierarchy of members, both dominant and subordinate. If you have spotted one Norway Rat in your home, in the daytime, then it is almost certain that there are many others there as well.
The Norway Rat is a large rodent and can be as long as 40 cm and are typically covered in brown or gray fur, Their ears and tails, however, are scaly. They are fond of building underground burrows where they hide in the daytime. They are nocturnal and venture out at night from the burrows that may be under your building. They use these burrows to find their way into homes to search for both food and water,
If food is abundant they will have a preference for fruit, meat, nuts, and grains, but when food is scarce they will eat whatever they find. They will gnaw on the strangest of things, including household wiring, which can result in a serious risk of fire.
Rats are a serious health hazard, they can bite, and more commonly they will wander around your home in the dead of night and urinate on work surfaces and items which may later touch food. Rats are not something that you should leave unchecked. It is important to respond to any infestation as soon as possible.
Although Norway Rats are colorblind, with poor general vision, they are agile and tenacious. They can run. climb, swim, and jump. They will typically have three to six litters annually and a few rats can quickly become many.
Norway Rats are attracted to piles of wood, so stores of wood should be located well away from the house. Holes in the exterior of the house can be where they gain entry into the structure and any holes should be packed with steel wool to block them. Leaky pipes that may persist in crawl spaces or basements are seen as an excellent source of water and will attract rodents. Garbage should be in sealed trash cans, and food should be kept in containers that deny access to the rodents.
Getting Rid of Norway Rats
Norway Rats can and do, cause expensive damage, aside from the health risks. They are a serious issue and it is best to call in an expert at the earliest opportunity. A Pest Control Expert can assess the level of the problem and put measures into action that will resolve the problem.
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